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This report draws some important conclusions related to Lebanon’s land management and administration. Although the country has an established legal framework to register and protect private property and its land-related laws are gender neutral, customary and informal land rights are not registered in the land registry and are therefore not protected like formal land rights. Moreover, the degree to which Lebanon’s laws protect private property rights and the degree to which the Lebanese Government enforces these laws are very low, mostly because the government fails to enforce these laws properly. Corruption in public institutions and the weak rule of law are the main reasons for weak enforcement of the laws. The quality and availability of services for property registration provided by the GDLRC, still need a lot of improvement. 

Moreover, there is a need for a unified State land inventory for improved State land management and administration. Furthermore, the current property valuation process applied for property registration leaves room for subjectivity and results in the registration of land at a lower value than the real market values. Property market information is not available or updated in Lebanon, which impacts land valuation and taxation.

You can download the full report, here below :