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The Arab Land Initiative is pleased to present the new Sudan country page, which contains a profile of Sudan’s land sector, key UN-Habitat and Global Land Tool Network interventions and a selection of land-related publications and resources.

As the third-largest country in Africa, Sudan’s landscape and heritage continue to captivate and inspire. Sudan’s cultural tapestry is woven from various influences, making it a land of natural, social and ethnic diversity. 

Sudan is currently undergoing a turbulent journey of political upheaval and displacementIn April 2019, Sudan experienced a seismic political shift and widespread civil unrest. Sudan now faces one of the most significant displacement crises globally. With over 5.4 million internally displaced people and more than 1.4 million refugees crossing borders, the scale of human displacement is staggering. Violence has taken countless lives, compelling people to flee their homes in search of safety. The prolonged conflict in the Darfur region, which began in 2003, has also resulted in 1.86 million internally displaced persons.

The legal framework governing land in Sudan is a complex blend of statutory and customary law, which have evolved over time with little coordination between the two. There is no unified legal framework for land tenure across the entire country: most of the land is held under a customary tenure system, which remains unmapped and undermarketed, while local customs and practices related to land tenure vary across different parts of Sudan.

Read more about Sudan’s HLP and displacement issues, its land-related legal and institutional frameworks, the relationship between women and land rights, land disputes resolution mechanisms and more, here.